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Production of rabbit meat in San Antonio Sujchay, Tacaná, San Marcos

 

Executive Summary

 

The present work to be implemented in San Antonio Sujchay, Tacaná municipality, Department of San Marcos, is born as a plan that seeks to complement the food obtained from the family gardens that currently exist in the area and which are part of the food security program and nutrition program run by the Shuar Hands Inc. Foundation of the United States of America and executed by the San Pedro Sacatepequez Children's Association of San Marcos, Guatemala. This complement is based on raising rabbits, whose product, meat, will provide protein to the diet of families in the area. The project will comprise four phases: In the initial phase, the geographical and climatological conditions of the area, agricultural potential (natural pastures, crops, trees, shrubs and other sources) will be evaluated. In the second phase, we will proceed to select the families that have orchards and want to be trained in the management, raising and production of rabbits. In the third Phase, a working committee will be formed, families will be trained, individual cages will be built and a sanitary kit will be established which will be managed by two people. In the fourth phase, a male and female rabbit will be delivered to each family and this way the cycle will start. Considering the project's self-sustainability and the ambitious production of rabbit meat, as a highly reproductive animal.

These families have been able to accumulate experiences in both productive and social aspects through the management of family gardens that are promoted by the Shecanos Children Association. The breeding of rabbits will be semi-technical and will initially aim to supplement the nutritional value of the products harvested in the home gardens, and thus improve the quality of diet (animal protein supply) in families in the area.

 

General features

 

1. Location

 

The municipality of Tacaná is located in the department of San Marcos, and borders with municipalities of the departments of Huehuetenango, San Marcos and the Mexican state of Chiapas. According to the official census of 2010, it has a population of 87,998 inhabitants and a territorial extension of 302 km ². The average altitude is 2,242 feet. In its district is located the volcano Tacaná.

 

2. Background

 

In rural areas of Guatemala eventually families have had one or several rabbits that raise them and then highlight them to consume the meat, although very few know the nutritional power of this meat.
In Guatemala on a regular basis, the consumption of protein is from the milk of cattle, as well as from their dairy products, from the consumption of chicken eggs. There are some people who sell goat's milk, because they have some goats, and this is acquired by consumers who know the nutritional value they have, but in small quantities. since the cost of a cattle and goat, is too high and its care also, relative to the rabbit.
 Families living in the framework of lack, exclusion and vulnerability, do not have the economic resource to buy any means that provides them with protein.
 

3. Problems

 

• Malnutrition in children and adults, due to the lack of nutrients necessary for their growth and development.
• Low protein consumption due to lack of economic resources.
• Little production of rabbit meat, because they are not exploited for production.
• High cost of production of cow's milk. When thinking about the production of cow's milk, it requires a lot of capital to acquire animals, and the inputs for its food are in great quantity, requiring also large tracts of grazing land.
• Lack of appropriate techniques on the part of livestock owners to manage animals.
• There are few institutions interested in promoting development related to proper rabbit management.
• The lack of knowledge about other forms of activities, makes permanent the practices of traditional activities.

4. General objective


 Implement a project to produce rabbit meat to improve the quality of the diet through the contribution of protein and thus combat child malnutrition in the area.

 

5. Specific objectives

 

Short term: Empower and empower families directly involved in the project.
Long term: Production of rabbit meat that generates an income to the families and makes the activity sustainable. Replicate this project in other municipalities of the department of San Marcos.

 

6. Goals

 

• Implement the operation of rabbits in a semi-intensive system in a period of 45 days. in each selected family.
• Train the selected families, who will be responsible for the management of the production and exploitation of rabbit meat. • Build individual cages • Production of rabbit meat.
• use of rabbit skin, making different products. (caps, belts, shoes, key chains, cushions, etc.)

 

Technical component


1. Benefits of breeding rabbits.
2. Composition of rabbit meat
3. Benefits of rabbit breeding.
4. Facilities:

 

Cages:  

The necessary surface of the cages depends on the type of exploitation, the number of animals, the climate, the soil conditions. The surface per animal is approximately 93 cm- 50 cm, in semi-intensive system.

5. Initially core125 females and 13 males. It is estimated a price of Q90.00 to Q100.00 per female and / or male. Taking as reference market prices, with the consideration that it is not an animal very commercialized in high production.


6. Production process

1. Traditional production system: this alternative is selected because this system will allow to use existing resources to reduce costs, for example, will be bought, male rabbits of five months and females of four months, also in the infrastructure will be constructed cages, at first so that the male and the females can be, once the mount is given, the rabbits are separated. In terms of feeding, mainly forage trees and shrubs will be used, which have high amounts of energy, protein and good digestibility. In addition, they will be provided with natural grass and food harvested by the beneficiaries.

 

 2 . Phases In the initial phase, the geographical conditions and climatic conditions of the area, agricultural potential (natural pastures, crops, trees, shrubs and other sources) and water availability. In the second phase, we will proceed to select families that have family gardens and who want to be trained in the management and production of rabbits. In the third phase, a working committee will be formed, families will be trained, cages will be built and a sanitary kit will be established which will be managed by two people. In the fourth phase, a rabbit of approximately 4 months and a wild rabbit will be delivered to each family and this way the management will be started.

 

Flow of management


1. Preparation of land and planting of pasture
2. Construction of cages
3. Purchase of 125 rabbits and 13 rabbits A male rabbit, will be used for the production of 10 female rabbits.
4. De-worming and use of vitamins, if necessary.
5. Parition Start of production
6. Weaning at 56 days
7. Gestation31 days.

 

 Treatment for intestinal parasites: Depending on the area and the incidence of parasitic diseases. Vaccinations: with biological products (vaccines) depending on the incidence of diseases in the area. A vaccination schedule is usually followed. You can check with a veterinarian in the area.

 

Rabbit 1 = Q100.00 X 125 = Q12,500.00/7 = 1,786 $
Female1 rabbit = Q100.00 X   13 = Q 1,300.00/7 = 185 $ Macho
1 cage = Q100.00X 125 = Q14,375.00/7 = 2,053 $
  = Q500.00 / 7 71 $
2 trainings = 285 $ (handling and production.) Rabbit skin cut and cut
TOTAL:        Q30,675.00                                     4,380 $ this amount must multiply by two, considering two communities San Antonio Sujchay and Sibinal.

 

 NOTE: For the production and processing of rabbit skin product, is another project.

 


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